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1/03/2018

SQL HAVING Clause

SQL HAVING Clause

Having clause is used to filter data based on the group functions. This is similar to WHERE condition but is used with group functions. Group functions cannot be used in WHERE Clause but can be used in HAVING clause.

SQL HAVING Clause Example

If you want to select the department that has total salary paid for its employees more than 25000, the sql query would be like;
SELECT dept, SUM (salary) 
FROM employee 
GROUP BY dept 
HAVING SUM (salary) > 25000 
The output would be like:
deptsalary
--------------------------
Electronics55000
Aeronautics35000
InfoTech30000
When WHERE, GROUP BY and HAVING clauses are used together in a SELECT statement, the WHERE clause is processed first, then the rows that are returned after the WHERE clause is executed are grouped based on the GROUP BY clause.
Finally, any conditions on the group functions in the HAVING clause are applied to the grouped rows before the final output is displayed.

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